Hindi, Local Languages as Medium of Instruction in All Institutions, Recommends Shah-Led Panel

New Delhi: Parliament’s Committee on the Official Language, chaired by the Union’s Home Secretary, Amit Shah, has recommended that the medium of instruction in all technical or non-technical educational institutions, including central universities, should be Hindi and must be local languages.

In its 11th volume of the report presented to President Droupadi Murmu last month, the commission said that English should only be the medium of instruction where it is absolutely necessary and that English should be gradually replaced by Hindi in those institutions, the New Indian Express reported.

“The use of Hindi as the language of instruction and other activities should be Hindi in all technical and non-technical institutions in the country and the use of English should be optional,” the paper said, referring to the committee’s recommendation.

The technical institutions include Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) and All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) under the Government of the Union. Kendriya Vidyalayas (KVs), Navodaya Vidyalayas (NVs) and Central Universities fall under the category of non-technical institutes.

Apart from making Hindi the language of instruction in training institutes, the committee has recommended removing compulsory English-language questions from the recruitment exams, the newspaper reports.

“Many recruitment exams do not have the Hindi medium option available and English language question paper is required to be included. In this situation, the candidate prefers English over Hindi. Therefore, compulsory English-language questionnaires should be discontinued and Hindi options should be given… required knowledge of Hindi for employee selection should be ensured and in the recruitment exams, the Hindi questionnaire should be mandatory instead of English,” the report said.

It has also requested an adequate arrangement of the Hindi translation for all relevant rulings of the highest courts, with the possibility of proceeding to the court in Hindi.

In addition, it noted that government officials who do not work in Hindi in Hindi-speaking states should be warned.

“The commission has found that some officials or employees do not work in Hindi. Those officials must therefore be warned and an explanation must be requested from them. If a satisfactory response is not received, it should be included in their annual performance review report (APAR),” it said.

It further recommended that Hindi be made one of the official languages ​​in the United Nations.

Other recommendations include communication by central government agencies, ministries or departments, such as letters, faxes and emails, should be in Hindi or local languages, plain and easy language should be used in official work and letters of invitation, speeches and moderation for all events organized by the central government must all be in Hindi or in the local language.

The committee will publish one report every five years. But this time within three years, the commission submitted two reports. In its latest report, it made 112 recommendations.

It was established in 1976 under the Official Language Act, 1963, and consists of 30 MPs – 20 from the Lok Sabha and 10 from the Rajya Sabha.

Biju Janata Dal leader Bhartruhari Mahtab, the deputy chairman of the commission, told PTI news agency that it has prepared the recommendations in line with the new national education policy, which suggests that the medium of instruction should be official or regional languages.

Mahtab said that in higher education institutions such as Banaras Hindu University, Delhi University, Jamia Millia Islamia, Aligarh Muslim University, Hindi is only used 20 to 30% when it should be used 100%.

shah had previously suggested that people of different states should communicate with each other in Hindi, not in English.

“Prime Minister Narendra Modi has decided that the medium to run the government is the official language, and this will surely increase the importance of Hindi. Now the time has come to make the official language an important part of the country’s unity,” he said at the 37th meeting of the Parliament’s Official Language Commission in April.

While several debates have arisen in recent times regarding the imposition of the Hindi language in government institutions, many politicians and experts have have criticized the idea of ​​equating learning Hindi with a false sense of nationalism. Many have also wondered if there is a culture of Hindi dominance in our country.

(With inputs from PTI)

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