Nestlé microbiome breakthrough identifies weaning opportunity

In collaboration with researchers from the Broad Institute in the US, the University of Bologna in Italy and the icddr,b in Bangladesh, Nestlé scientists have discovered that a new bacteria takes over in the gut as children transition from infancy to early childhood. childhood.

The research, published in journal Cell,was performed on Bengal babies and showed the populations of three different groups Bifidobacterium longum ​(B. langum​) expand significantly during weaning, when solid foods are introduced into a baby’s diet.

The study followed 267 babies in Bangladesh from birth to two years old. Most mothers chose to exclusively breastfeed their babies for the first six months of life and then were introduced to solid foods in combination with breast milk. The three groups of B. langumappeared to have the ability to utilize both key components of breast milk and fiber from solid foods as an energy source, the researchers noted.

The new varieties stand out from other favorable ones B. langum​, inclusive B. longum infantis​, which predominates during early childhood and exclusive breastfeeding. These new species could form a new subspecies, Nestlé said.

The ‘next generation’ nutritional solutions

Infant formula manufacturer Nestlé believes the work will facilitate the identification of ‘next generation’ nutritional solutions and probiotics to support young children’s growth and development during the weaning period.

“This work will build on our long-term research into the gut microbiome and its evolving composition over different ages and life stages, in relation to nutrition. Specifically, we want to confirm the hypothesis that the new strains thrive on the combination of HMOs (Human Milk Oligosaccharides) from breast milk and fiber from the supplemental diet, as hypothesized in the Cell paper,”a company spokesperson told FoodNavigator.

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